I also write--again, not always well. I share what I've published with my students, but I also share what I've written at all steps of my own writing process, asking for their input.
Social scientists of all sorts will appreciate the ordinary, approachable language and practical value — each chapter starts with and discusses a young small business owner facing a problem solvable with statistics, a problem solved by the end of the chapter with the statistical kung-fu gained.
This article has been published in the Winnower. You can cite it as: You can also download the published version as a PDF by clicking here. The primary resource available is a paper by Shrout and Fleiss[ 1 ], which is quite dense. So I am taking a stab at providing a comprehensive but easier-to-understand resource.
For example, if someone reported the reliability of their measure was. The more uniform your measurement, the higher reliability will be. But when you have research participants provide something about themselves from which you need to extract data, your measurement becomes what you get from that extraction.
This process is called coding. Because the research assistants are creating the data, their ratings are my scale — not the original data. Which means they 1 make mistakes and 2 vary in their ability to make those ratings. An intraclass correlation ICC can be a useful estimate of inter-rater reliability on quantitative data because it is highly flexible.
A Pearson correlation can be a valid estimator of interrater reliability, but only when you have meaningful pairings between two and only two raters. What if you have more? What if your raters differ by ratee? This is where ICC comes in note that if you have qualitative data, e.
Unfortunately, this flexibility makes ICC a little more complicated than many estimators of reliability. While you can often just throw items into SPSS to compute a coefficient alpha on a scale measure, there are several additional questions one must ask when computing an ICC, and one restriction.
The restriction is straightforward: The questions are more complicated, and their answers are based upon how you identified your raters, and what you ultimately want to do with your reliability estimate.
Here are the first two questions: Do you have consistent raters for all ratees? For example, do the exact same 8 raters make ratings on every ratee? Do you have a sample or population of raters? If your answer to Question 1 is no, you need ICC 1. It is most useful with massively large coding tasks.
For example, if you had ratings to make, you might assign your 10 research assistants to make ratings each — each research assistant makes ratings on 2 ratees you always have 2 ratings per casebut you counterbalance them so that a random two raters make ratings on each subject.
Or in other words, while a particular rater might rate Ratee 1 high and Ratee 2 low, it should all even out across many raters.Essay Contest Package - A Program Package for the Essay Contest is available on the Package Programs page of the website.
On that page, Clubs can find useful materials to help them get started with a new Essay Contest program.
The is a Mini Essay Writing Contest at torosgazete.com and there is no entry fee. The top prize is $1, and three runner-ups can win $ each, which may be running bi-monthly. It is for really short essays with a limit of 1, words.
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There is much to be done, so do help. Short Story and other creative writing contests and competitions with big cash prizes like the ones below can provide a real step up for writers. Writing competitions can jumpstart a career.
This happened to me when I submitted a sample of my unpublished novel to the Chapters/Robertson Davies writing contest for unpublished novelists. We are always adding new performances to this list, so please check back soon for updates!
Antony would like to respond to the article in El Pais yesterday: "I would just like to say that I suspect the translation of my interview was a bit rough, and the artistic statement I made was in reference to myself: "As a transgendered person, I am like a wild animal, beyond the realm of Christians and patriarchies.".